Dong Tam village: Anger in Vietnam over deadly ‘land grab’ raid

Workers putting up a wall around the airport at Dong Tam, Vietnam

The funeral is due to take place in Vietnam of three policemen killed during a raid which has sparked rare public anger against the government.

The deaths came during a massive security operation last week in a village near Hanoi which led to clashes in which a local leader also died.

Villagers had been resisting attempts by the military to build an airfield on their land for several years.

Land disputes are common in Vietnam, but rarely escalate into such conflict.

The raid and the unexplained death of the popular local leader, 84-year-old Le Dinh Kinh, have caused huge public controversy.

The government has blamed the officers’ deaths on “rioters”, while President Nguyen Phu Trong posthumously decorated them with military honours. But locals say police used excessive force.

What is the dispute in Dong Tam?

The military began building an airport at Mieu Mon, close to Dong Tam, about three years ago.

Local people say that in the process, about 50 hectares (124 acres) of their land was unfairly taken over and handed to Viettel Group, Vietnam’s military-run communications company.

A blocked street in Dong Tam village in 2017
Image captionProtests first came to a head in Dong Tam in 2017

All land in communist Vietnam is owned by the state, so the government can technically use what it wants for military or civilian purposes. But locals say they have farmed the land for generations and were not being properly compensated.

Dong Tam first hit national headlines in 2017, when four people were arrested for “disturbing public order” in protests against the acquisition of the land.

Villagers retaliated by holding 38 officials, including police officers, inside a community house, for about a week. They were eventually released after the authorities agreed some concessions.

What happened in the 9 January clashes?

Villagers told BBC News Vietnamese that early that morning, up to 3,000 security personnel turned up.

“A lot of government people in mobile police uniforms, carrying sticks, clubs, clubs, guns, shields, rushed to the village,” said one woman who asked to remain anonymous, fearing retribution. Another witness said the police “threw flares, fired tear gas, blocked every corner, beat up women and the elderly”.

In a statement, the Ministry of Public Security said police had been sent to protect the public from protesters and to help the army build the boundary wall, a couple of kilometres away.

Construction of the wall annexing disputed land to the airfield was due to reach the edge of Dong Tam rural commune that day.

As workers began building the wall “some people resisted, using hand grenades, petrol bombs and knives to attack police forces, fighting officers on duty and disrupting public order”, the statement said, according to VNExpress.

How did the four people die?

Le Dinh Kinh was a Communist Party member and retired local official. But in recent years he had become an unlikely opponent of the government.

He was leading a group of local people who had sworn to sacrifice their lives to defend the land. He had been detained – and allegedly beaten by police – during the 2017 clashes.

Le Dinh Kinh
Image captionLe Dinh Kinh, a former government official, became a vocal opponent of the land grab

According to the security ministry, three police officers who entered the village came under attack. They died after being set on fire.

Local authorities said Mr Kinh was found dead inside a house holding a grenade.

His family and supporters dispute this. They say a widely circulated video of his body shows apparent bullet wounds. His son, Le Dinh Chuc, was injured in the raid.

Deputy Minister Luong Tam Quang said police had seized petrol bombs, iron rods and other weapons. Twenty people are being investigated on murder charges.

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Evicted and struggling to be heard

MyHang Tran, BBC News Vietnamese

There are thousands of land dispute victims across Vietnam, some homeless or living in miserable conditions, spending their days knocking on doors of government bodies, with land ownership documents in their hands, hoping for their case to be heard.

Some struggle to get by on compensation which, per square metre, is barely enough to buy a bowl of noodles. Some have taken their lives.

Le Dinh Kinh had regularly livestreamed to Facebook. He never spoke with hate about the government or the Communist Party. But he pledged the villagers would “fight to the very end” for the land they considered theirs.

This case, the first in which a civilian was allegedly killed by police in a land dispute, has shaken the whole country.

As Vietnam’s economy is booming, and the government wants more land for development purposes, the fear is such cases could become more common.

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What’s the response been?

The government and state-run media have painted Mr Kinh and the villagers as rioters and terrorists and the police officers as martyrs.

On 13 January, three of Mr Kinh’s family appeared on TV, with bruised faces, apparently admitting to possessing homemade weapons and petrol bombs. Rights groups have said these were forced confessions.

Mr Kinh’s wife, Du Thi Thanh, also says she was beaten by police.

Coverage of the clashes on social media has been swamped by pro-government comment, while the government has demanded videos, articles and comments criticising the police operation be taken down.

Nonetheless, many people have raised concern about the use of excessive force in the raid.

“My feeling is a boundary has been overstepped, by both sides. Sending thousands of armed troops into a village at 4am can’t have been the right solution,” Pham Thi Loan, a former MP representing Hanoi, told BBC Vietnamese.

Human Rights Watch called on Vietnam to hold anyone responsible for violence to account.

“Government officials need to recognise the importance of carrying out dialogues and negotiations with farmers to solve land disputes like Dong Tam in a peaceful manner rather than using violence,” said Phil Robertson, the group’s deputy Asia director.

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